The Dental Health of Dogs and Cats

The animal health company is one of the most important factors. Thus the basis of the good state of this faithful friendly in the mouth, through which pass all the food and toys, can cause serious illness when the denture is not in good condition.

The dental ailments are the most common disease process present in both dogs and cats. 80% of dogs and 70% of cats over three years show signs of dental disease.

Of these, the most common is periodontal disease, which refers to any inflammation of the structures surrounding the teeth (gingiva, periodontal ligament, etc.).. Most pets start showing the presence of tartar or dental plaque and gum inflammation, gingivitis, which is evident as redness and/or inflammation of the same. But if this situation is not the picture will evolve over the years and to lose the tooth.

Predisposition, the greatest danger

Animals with the higher incidence of dental disease are the small breed (Yorkshire, Poodle, Pekingese, Maltese …) and those with incorrect dental distribution. This may be due to a malocclusion (especially in breeds with prognathism), or preserve teeth when the animal has all the permanent teeth and adult. In this case, it is necessary to extract teeth or milk because, otherwise, encourage the incorrect distribution of the final inside the mouth, increasing the risk of accumulations of tartar or plaque.

Other causes are defects in the dentition and certain diseases that predispose them to various oral diseases (hepatitis, certain virus infections, diabetes mellitus …). Also, a higher incidence of dental disease as those pets is basically soft food (canned, homemade food …) and a higher sugar content (homemade food or treats). The risk of disease increases with the age of the animal and may appear after two years of age or older.

All animals, while eating, naturally accumulate food scraps in and between the tooth surfaces. The bacteria in the mouth use these food remnants to form plaque, and as it establishes, develops dental disease.

What is tartar and plaque?

When it comes to dental disease are always two words that mean the same thing: dental plaque and tartar. Plaque is a colorless film containing bacteria, saliva, oral shedding cells, and food particles.

Tartar or dental calculus is brown or yellow, cement-like, and is formed by calcified plaque. Both accumulate along the gums, but can cover the entire tooth surface and under the gums.

The usual cycle is often the case: once enough has accumulated plaque, the bacteria cause an infection in the gums, resulting in gingivitis.

If left untreated, plaque hardens and becomes calcified plaque is formed, which favors the establishment of infection in the entire tooth surface. Periodontal disease is developed in the tooth, as in the root.

Plaque causes bad breath (halitosis). Promotes gingivitis and sore bleeding gums, which recede and the teeth may fall out. But the danger lies not only in loss of teeth or bad breath because if dental disease is kept untreated can lead to a general infection, a bacterial myocarditis (infection of heart muscle tissue) or poor digestion, among others.