Good hydration is very important for any living organism, including reptiles. In a sick animal, it becomes crucial.
All systems must work to restore full health, and this requires good hydration, among other things. A sick animal is often so weak they can not drink all the water you should, and this weakens him further.
Reptiles get water in different ways: directly from fresh food, licking the dew from the leaves or drinking from a water container. It is also a source of water the humidity, the tropical terrariums reptiles should be sprayed at least twice a day and you have to install a drip system for taking water from the leaves.
Dehydration is not a disease in itself but a manifestation of organ failure, as renal failure or mismanagement of the diet or the setting of the terrarium. If kept for too long, dehydration can cause a fatal shock, acidosis and accumulation of waste products in the body normally excrete in the urine.
Signs of dehydration can moderate or severe depending on the amount of water that is lost in the body. You can see the sunken eyes and wrinkled and dry skin.
A simple way to assess dehydration in an animal is gently with your fingers to form a fold of skin and then release. If hydration is normal, the skin returns to its original position immediately, but if the reptile is dehydrated, it takes a few seconds or be folded into a store.
The lack of fluid in the body causes weakness, muscle aches, malaise, cardiac arrhythmias, disorientation and lack of appetite.
If you notice that your reptile is dehydrated, give him water, but do not forget to go to the vet, it is important to discover what the underlying cause and take proper care. In addition you may need to be injected subcutaneous fluids to recover.
When attempting to rehydrate a reptile by mouth, should be offered water or a rehydration solution for children. Use a syringe that allows you to measure exactly how much liquid you are giving.
It is important to bring the liquid slowly, since too large a volume can be as damaging as the lack of them. The stomach, circulatory system and kidneys are able to handle a certain volume of liquid should not be exceeded.
Ask the veterinarian how much water you have to give in 24 hours and the amount distributed as evenly as possible during this period. Usually indicates a 2% body weight per day (for example, a lizard than 100 grams should receive 2 ml and a 1 kg should receive 20 ml per day).
Do not estimate the weight of your pet, it is important that you weigh in the balance and make an exact calculation. Also weighing daily will help you know if you gain weight with treatment.
If it is small you can put it inside a cloth bag and weighed on a kitchen scale, then you subtract the weight of the bag and you have the exact weight of the animal.
If when offered water to a reptile that is dehydrated, the animated, you have many chances of retrieval.
How to provide water to your pet is to put a few drops on the nose and wait for the blade with his tongue. Doing so can put more drops directly into your mouth while still swallowing them.
If you do not want to drink in this way, will be administered by force. For it is better if someone helps you hold it firmly. Open his mouth by pulling the skin under the jaw and put a small volume of water in it, preventing the liquid from falling or directly down his throat, it can drown.
Then let your mouth shut and see if swallowed. You can help patting his head or stroking the skin under his throat. Continue until you have taken all the necessary liquid.
If you can not take any water, you can ask your vet to teach you how to place a nasogastric tube and administer food and water through it. Is a procedure that takes some practice, but you can learn and use.
In the case of sea you must first remove the head to get the shell to open her mouth and then give fluids like the lizards. To achieve the hind legs slightly pressed to move to the previous. Once you remove the head hold it firmly with your thumb and forefinger behind, taking care not to press the tympanic membrane.
To prevent the box turtles close their shells on your finger, press in the back to open in the former. Once you’re done, take one leg and pull gently to make it out and prevent it from reattaching.
Remember always check the moisture of your reptile. If not satisfied, and notes that you eat less, have changed their habits seem to feel bad, take him to the vet immediately. Always check the temperature and humidity of the room and diet, because often these are the factors that make a captive reptile end suffering dehydration.